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De Saxe, M, The South African Jewish Year Book; Directory of Jewish Organisations and Who’s Who in South African Jewry, 1929, 5689-90, SA Jewish Historical Society, Johannesburg, 1929, 285

Frankel, Glenn, Rivonia’s Children: Three families and the Price of Freedom in South Africa. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1999, 156

Gitlin, Marcia, The Vision Amazing; the Story of South African Zionism, The Menorah Book Club, Johannesburg, 1950 , 49-50

Greenbaum, Masha,  The Jews of Lithuania: A history of a remarkable community 1316 – 1945 (Gefen Jerusalem),  200

Historic Route - Malmesbury Tourism Swartland Directory for https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=6&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwiYgv7WqOLmAhW1tXEKHYo2BB0QFjAFegQIBhAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fswartlander.com%2Fmalmesbury-discover-heart-swartland%2F&usg=AOvVaw1jwMtMu2qIPtQ4bvpL60PL

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Kretzmar,  Julius, “A Vanished Era: Shtetl Life in the Swartland in the Twenties”: Nostalgic memories of             Malmesbury”, Jewish  Affairs, June 1986, 17

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Schrire, Gwynne,  “Immigration Restrictions, Plague and the Jews in Cape Town, 1901”, Jewish Affairs, 63:3 Chanukah 2008

 

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Zionist Record, April 14,1916

 

Dr Sorrel Kerbel nee Stein, London, by e-mail 4.1.2020

Althea Kretzmar, by e-mail, 25.1.20202

© Kaplan Centre
Letters courtesy of Phil Kretzmar