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I greet cordially my dear parents – my dear father, Yehudah Leib Kretzmar, and my mother, the chaste and modest Beila, and my honoured brother Yaacov, and my sisters, Hinda [i] and Chana, may you all live well – Dear Parents – I have no news to write. I am well TG and wish to hear the same from you. About business if you earn more it is better of course, and if it is less you have to be patient in patience silently – better times will arrive. Keep well and make good business, as is the wish of your son, Tuvye Kretzmar. I greet my mother-in-law, my brother-in-law, and his wife my sister, and also my sister-in-law, and brother-in-law, Aaron Morris, may you all live well, From your loving son, Tuvye Kretzmar


[i] Hinda, her husband Shlomo Nachamowitz and son, Eliyahu, were killed in Birzh on 8 August 1941, shot into two pits along with 2,400 other Jews in the nearby forest by Gestapo officers with 30 Lithuanian helpers. Starting at 11 a.m. they were shot in groups. Having completed the task by 7 p.m., the killers returned to the town singing.

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